Richard Byrne, MD

Critical Cases - BRASH Syndrome & Cardiac Arrest!

A 69 year old man is brought in by EMS with complaints of chest pain. ALS noted pt to be in sinus bradycardia in the 30s en route. As you approach the room you wrack your brain: what are the common causes of bradycardia? More importantly - will I get to actually perform a transvenous pacemaker i.e. the most highly sought after procedure as an emergency medicine resident?

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Critical Cases - Bradycardia Emergency!

An 87 yo male is brought in by EMS after a syncopal event while on the toilet, resulting in a fall and head injury. EMS reports a heart rate in the 30s en route. As your approach the resuscitation bay you begin to think about the causes of bradycardia and what your approach will be to stabilize this potentially very sick patient....

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Critical Cases - Heat Emergency!

EMS brings in a patient who was found down in his front lawn. They report he is dry and very hot to the touch, and has been unresponsive during transport. As you approach the resuscitation bay you quickly run down potential causes of a heat emergency and begin to think about the best way to treat this patient.....

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Critical Cases - Back pain emergency!

The overwhelming majority of patients with back pain have a benign etiology and require nothing more than pain control and time to recover fully. A good emergency medicine physician, however, should always keep in mind the "can't miss" diagnoses and take a careful history focusing on "red flag" symptoms and risk factors. Failure to make the diagnosis in our patient today would result in irreversable paraparesis, incontinence, and impotence. Read on to see why!

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Critical Cases - Tension Pneumothorax!

A 76 yo female with a history of Stage IV breast Ca with metastasis to the lung presents to the ED with acute shortness of breath 10 hours after an outpatient placement of a right sided PleurX chest tube for drainage of recurrent malignant effusion......

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Critical Cases - Locked knee!

A healthy 23 yo male presents after injuring his knee playing soccer. He is complaining of inability to completely extend his knee. "It's stuck." he reports to the triage nurse. "That seems like a problem..." you think to yourself as you enter the room. How did this happen? How do I unstick his knee? Read on for some quick pearls on the "locked knee."

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Critical Cases: Tips for a Perfect Reduction

Do you feel like you pour your heart, soul, blood, sweat, and tears into your fracture/reductions and still come up short? Does the orthopedics consultant always want to "re-do" your attempt? Here is a repost of a podcast interview between former Cooper EM resident Patrick Sheehan, former Cooper Orthopedics Resident Joseph Legatol on how to get a perfect reduction. Inside the interview are 5 tips on positioning yourself for success. Also included is a video of Dr. Sheehan giving an example of "exaggerating the injury" of a distal radius fracture for a more successful reduction. 

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Critical Cases: Not Just an Ankle Sprain! Demystifying the Maisonneuve Fracture

Independently interpreting plain film imaging is an essential skill for the Emergency Medicine provider. Among the most notorious of injuries likely to be missed is the Maisonneuve fracture. In this post we demonstrate the "can't miss" imaging findings to ensure that you don't make the mistake of thinking this is "just an ankle sprain!"

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