For decades, Emergency Medicine Providers have struggled to come to a consensus on the management of patients with chest pain with non-ischemic ECGs and negative biomarker testing. Both cardiology and emergency medicine guidelines failed to provide a clear recommendation on which patients should be discharged from the ED. The American College of Emergency Physicians has taken a bold step with their latest guidelines for the management of low risk chest pain patients which will dramatically change standard practice in the care of possible ACS patients.
Richard Byrne, MD
With the rise in popularity of the NOAC class of anticoagulants, more and more patients with a new diagnosis of pulmonary embolism are being discharged from the emergency department. Multiple risk classifications tools have been developed to help identify patients at low risk of short term mortality. Read on to see if this new study determined which tool is the winner!
Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis in the emergency department includes aggressive volume repletion and administration of insulin, however it is also extremely important to address electrolyte abnormalities…
Acute compartment syndrome is a surgical emergency. Measurements of compartment pressures are an important adjunct to making the diagnosis. Check out this post for a video demonstration on how to operate the Stryker Device
Oral steroids are a mainstay of treatment for severe posion ivy induced contact dermatitis. The doses, duration of therapy, and taper/nontaper debate has raged for decades: read on a for quick summary of a paper comparing a short steroid burst to a 15 day taper!
You are caring for a 2 yo with multifocal pneumonia who is hypoxic on standard nasal canula. You decide to institute high flow nasal canula (HFNC) in an effort to stave off orotracheal intubation. Your repspiratory therapist requests parameters including flow rate (typically 0-40 LPM). What is the optimal flow rate to decrease work of breathing in this pediatric patient?
A 58 yo patient with a hx of CLL presents with a chief complaint of dyspnea, wheezing, and cough for 3 days. He is noted to be tachypneic with o2 sats of 91% on RA. There is diffuse expiratory wheezing. Peripheral WBC count is 199,000, increased from a baseline of ~80,000. A CT scan shows scattered interstital infiltrates. What is going on with this patient and what is the indicated therapy?
- A 50 yo male presents with severe fatigue, tactile temps, chills, fatigue, and dizziness for one week. The family also notes yellowing of his skin. T is 102.3 oral. His labs demonstrate a Hgb of 8.8, platelets of 141, and TBili of 1.6 with a normal direct bili. Cr is noted to be elevated at 1.42 with a normal baseline. What is going on with this patient and whom should we call?
You are treating a patient for diabetic ketoacidosis in the ED. Thing is, the patient isn't very ill and only has mild DKA (pH 7.25-7.3). Is starting a continuous insulin infusion and admitting the patient to an intensive care unit bed really the best use of resources? Read on for an alternative suggested regimen using subcutanoues doses of rapid acting insulin
For decades now, aggressive fluid replacement in pediatric DKA patients has been thought to contribute to cerebral edema and neurologic injury. This has resulted in a general policy of cautious fluid replacement with isotonic crystalloid, and perhaps even contributed to under-resuscitation of these patients. In this first large, randomized, prospective study to examine the role of type of fluid (0.9% NaCl vs 0.45% NaCl) and rate of administration, the hope was to detemine if type of fluid, rate of adminstration, or both were associated with cerebral edema and neurologic injury in this patient population. Read on for the key results of this practice changing paper!