Richard Byrne, MD

Critical Cases - Epidural Abscess Emergency!

A 61 yo male presents to the ED for the second time with complaints of back pain. While the overwhelming majority of cases of back pain are benign, there are a few "can't miss" causes which will result in paralysis if not diagnosed early. You ponder these diagnoses as you make your way to the patient's room...

Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Blunt Myocardial Injury

Blunt chest injury can rarely result in a direct contusion to the myocardium. This "bruise of the heart" can precipiate lethal cardiac arrhythmia, often in a delayed fashion. As you evaluate a trauma patient with complaints of chest pain after blunt injury,  you wonder what the correct workup and management of this potentially fatal condition should consist of....

Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Blunt Myocardial Injury

Blunt chest injury can rarely result in a direct contusion to the myocardium. This "bruise of the heart" can precipiate lethal cardiac arrhythmia, often in a delayed fashion. As you evaluate a trauma patient with complaints of chest pain after blunt injury, yo you wonder what the correct workup and management of this potentially fatal condition should consist of....

Critical Cases - Post LP Subdural Hematoma!

A 24 year old female presents to the ED complaining of a worsening headache after a lumbar puncture performed in the ED 2 days prior which diagnosed idiopathic intracranial hypertension. "No problem!" you think. Either this is just a post LP headache or possibly the patient needs more CSF drained to improve her headache. LP is a very safe procedure with minimal risk after all! Right?

Topic: 
Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Serious Headaches and Where to Find Them

Most patients presenting to the ED with a headache have a simple primary headache: tension, migraine, or cluster. Detecting the "other" etiolgies for headache, which can result in neurologic devastation or death, is often a diagnostic challenge. He we give some quick hits for one of the "can't miss" headaches, how it presents, and how to diagnose it.

Tags: 
Topic: 
Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Back pain bounceback!

A 55 year old male presents to the ED with complaints of anterior chest pain radiating through to the thoracic area X 2 days...you mentally run through a check list of the potential "red flag" signs/symptoms for serious back pain before you enter the room. Will this be another benign musculoskeletal pain or something more sinister?

Tags: 
Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - "I drank this"

A 50 yo male is brought in via EMS vomiting red fluid. 1 hour prior, he had chugged about half a gatorade bottle that he had used to store windshield washer fluid. "What's in windshield washer fluid?" you wonder as you enter the patient's room. "Is it bad????" Read on to find out why, yes, this is very bad indeed.

Topic: 
Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Dizziness and Vomiting - Benign or Catastrophic?

A 59 year old male presents complaining of unsteadiness on his feet and vomiting for 24 hours. You know there are numerous benign explanations for his symptoms, but also realize there are a few "can't miss" diagnoses as well...what are they and how do we assess for them in the ED?

Topic: 
Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - Severely agitated DKA patient!

A 23 yo male with a hx of insulin dependent diabetes and recurrent admissions for DKA presents to the ED with complaints of diffuse body aches. He is acutely ill appearing, agitated, and combative with staff, demanding pain medication, entering other patients rooms, and screaming. Realizing that this patient is severely ill, you wonder how you will de-escalate or sedate this patient safely to enable life-saving care to be rendered.....

Category (Day): 

Critical Cases - T Trach respiratory distress emergency!

A 56 yo male with a hx of TBI, subglottic stenosis, tracheomalacia, and tracheal stenosis presents in acute respiratory distress. There is a strange looking trach in place with no balloon for a cuff. You begin to wonder how you will manage this pt if he ultimately requires mechanical ventilation.....

Category (Day): 

Pages