Physiologic alarms in the ED frequently sound without any meaningful change in patient management. Understanding the effects of unnactionable alarms and their consequences is vital for the EM physician.
Analyzing ventilator waveforms in a patient with acute respiratory failure is as essential as monitoring the telemetry of a patient with suspected cardiac dysrhythmia. What life-threatening complication is demonstrated in the ventilator graphics?
Patients presenting to the ED with critical illness may require transfer to a different hospital for a higher level of care or for services unavailable locally. Here are some considerations to be made when tansferring a critically ill patient.