Procedural Sedation: Levels of Sedation
Levels of Sedation
Dr. Edward Guo
1. Myers J.G., & Kelly J (2020). Procedural sedation and analgesia in adults. Tintinalli J.E., & Ma O, & Yealy D.M., & Meckler G.D., & Stapczynski J, & Cline D.M., & Thomas S.H.(Eds.), Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 9e. McGraw Hill.
2. American Society of Anesthesiologists. “Continuum of Depth of Sedation: Definition of General Anesthesia and Levels of Sedation/Analgesia”. Last Amended: October 23, 2019 (original approval: October 13, 1999). https://www.asahq.org/standards-and-guidelines/continuum-of-depth-of-sedation-definition-of-general-anesthesia-and-levels-of-sedationanalgesia
3. ACEP Policy Statements. Procedural Sedation in the Emergency Department (2004)