Cardiology

Treatment of Hypertensive Emergencies

Last week, we briefly defined hypertensive emergency as acute blood pressure elevation (SBP >180 and/or DBP>120) with evidence of end-organ damage. (Remember, hypertensive urgency is the same blood pressure elevation without end-organ damage).  Once we have identified a hypertensive emergency, what are our best treatment options? Below is a quick guide (not comprehensive) to some go-to options.

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Board Review: Cardiology

A 17 year-old male presents to the Emergency Department with palpitations and shortness of breath that started suddenly one hour ago while driving with his friends.  No prior medical/surgical history. Patient denies any drugs, alcohol, tobacco use. On your exam, he appears short of breath. Heart rate is regular and tachycardic.

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