Gastroenterology

Advanced Practice: Stercoral Colitis with Obstructive Acute Kidney Injury

An elderly female patient presents with abdominal pain and distention with no bowel movement in 1 week. Labwork shows a Cr of 8 from baseline of 1 with a normal lactate.  Click for further information about her diagnosis. 

 

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Back to Basics: Foreign Body Ingestion

In 2010, there were approximately 535,000 ED visits for foreign bodies.  Approximately 80-90% of ingested foreign bodies pass through the GI tract without complications while the rest require intervention.  What are some basics that you need to know about foreign bodies that ingested, aspirated and inserted?

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Advanced Practice - Neutropenic Enterocolitis

Neutropenic Enterocolitis aka typhlitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, ileocecal syndrome

Definition:

  • intestinal mucosal wall edema and disruption of wall integrity in a neutropenic patient 

Pathogenesis:

  • Weakened immune system --> intestinal overgrowth --> invasion of opportunistic bacteria.
  • May lead to sepsis and bowel perforation.
  • Mortality  22%-50%.

Patient population:

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