Pathology: Chronic autoimmune mucocutaneous disease against desmosomes in epidermis
- painful; rarely pruritic; afebrile
- flaccid bullae but may start tense, +Nikolsky's sign
- mucosal involvement common
- Bullous pemphigus: Have tense bullae (may start with urticarial lesions), negative Nikolsky's sign, mucosal involvement less likely
Diagnosis: clinical; biopsy is gold standard.
A 32 year old male history of IV drug use presents for redness to his right arm extending the antecubital fossa. He has pain out of proportion to the area and pain outside of the erythematous margins. He is febrile to 103.2 F, heart rate is 125, blood pressure is 80/40. Patient is given normal saline. Vancomycin and Cefepime are started. What is the next step in management?
A. Immediate Surgical Consult and Clindamycin.
B. Draw labs to risk stratify via the LRINEC score and a CT scan
C. Immediate Surgical Consult and a CT scan.
A 58 yo patient with a hx of CLL presents with a chief complaint of dyspnea, wheezing, and cough for 3 days. He is noted to be tachypneic with o2 sats of 91% on RA. There is diffuse expiratory wheezing. Peripheral WBC count is 199,000, increased from a baseline of ~80,000. A CT scan shows scattered interstital infiltrates. What is going on with this patient and what is the indicated therapy?
- A 50 yo male presents with severe fatigue, tactile temps, chills, fatigue, and dizziness for one week. The family also notes yellowing of his skin. T is 102.3 oral. His labs demonstrate a Hgb of 8.8, platelets of 141, and TBili of 1.6 with a normal direct bili. Cr is noted to be elevated at 1.42 with a normal baseline. What is going on with this patient and whom should we call?
You are treating a patient for diabetic ketoacidosis in the ED. Thing is, the patient isn't very ill and only has mild DKA (pH 7.25-7.3). Is starting a continuous insulin infusion and admitting the patient to an intensive care unit bed really the best use of resources? Read on for an alternative suggested regimen using subcutanoues doses of rapid acting insulin